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*Marlapudi Suvarna, Anugna Kurapati, Sarikonda Bala Bhavani, Tatinada Ramya Krishna, Srungarapati Priyanka, Uppalapati Swathi, Dr. G. Ramesh, Dr. Satheesh Gottipati and P. Srinivasa babu


Since 2 decades, there was an increase in the use of opioids and also opioid deaths, but at the same time the amount of the opioids prescribed to a surgical patient is also increased. Generally opioids are the key analgesics for treating moderate pain to severe pain after major surgeries. They are the substances which generally act on the opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. So they, primarily used for pain relief, including anaesthesia. The major aim of this review is to determine the postoperative opioid consumption in the surgical patients. The opiods are used in several surgeries as pain modifier. So, the main objective of this review is to characterize and also to categorise the postoperative opioid consumption for different type of surgeries. Some of the surgeries are given analgesic before the surgery also which is meant for preoperative pain relieving so; here also opiods play major role for the modifying of the pain There is variety of surgical operations where the opiods generally used after the post operation includes abdominal surgery, orthopaedic replacement surgeries, tooth extraction, and other dermatologic procedures. The majority of the patients generally consume less than 15 pills after their surgery as per the theoretical literature study.

Keywords: Postoperative pain, opiods usage, surgery patients.

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