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Abstract

PHYTOPARMACOGNOSTICAL AND ANATOMICAL STUDIES MOMORDICA DIOICA ROXB. (CUCURBITACEAE) LEAF

Sonu Sonkar*,Vinay Kumar Arya,Abhinay Baranwal. Niranjan Sutar,Ranju Sutar.

ABSTRACT

Objective: Nature has provided a complete storehouse of remedies to cure ailments of mankind. About 80% of the world's population depends wholly or partially on traditional medicine for its primary health care needs. Pharmacognosy is mainly concerned with naturally occurring substances having a medicinal action. The aim of the present study was to investigate the morphological Microscopical characters of Momordica dioica Roxb. (Cucurbitaceae) leaf collected from Etawah,Uttar Pradesh region and its phytochemical and Physicochemical properties. Method: The pharmacognostical investigations carried out in terms of organoleptic, macroscopic, microscopic, and fluorescence analysis parameters. The Physicochemical properties such as loss on drying, total ash value,acid insoluble ash value, Water soluble ash value, pH, solubility and Extractive values of Momordica dioica Roxb leaf were carried out. Result: Preliminary phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of secondary metabolites such as steroids, proteins, saponin glycosides,lectins and β-sitosterol, Leaves are ovate, mucronate, base emarginate, variable in length 3.8-10cm by 3.2-8 cm, cordate at the base, deeply lobed in 3-5 triangular lobes, Conclusion: In the present investigation, microscopical characters are evaluated and different parameters are applied for the physico-chemical studies include evaluation of colour, consistency of different extracts, extractive value, ash value, moisture content, fluorescence analysis and also qualitative phytochemial screening was performed.

Keywords: Momordica dioica leafs, Physicochemical properties, pharmacognostical study, Phytochemical study .


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