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Abstract

COMPARATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE PARAMETERS OF BIXA ORELLANA L.

Sangeeta Sangvikar*, Manasi Malgaonkar, Chetna Sharma, Suresh Kumar, S. N. Murthy

ABSTRACT

Bixa orellana (Bixaceae) commonly known as ―Sinduri or Shonapushpa‘ known to have various medicinal properties and being used in Ayurveda since ages. Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases. The present investigation is aimed to screen the various bioactive compounds present in seeds and leaves of B. orellana. In the present study, an attempt was made to analyse and evaluate the presence of various phyto-constituents as well as fluorescent characteristics of B. orellana leaf and seed powder. Along with this physicochemical parameters were also determined during the research work. Phytochemical analysis (Qualitative and Quantitative) of the aqueous, alcoholic and hydro-alcoholic extracts of seeds and leaves showed the presence of various phyto-constituents i.e. carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, steroids, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and phenols. It was observed that all the extracts show more important chemical constituents for various pharmacological activities. In fluorescent analysis characteristic colour changes were observed with different chemical reagents in leaf and seed powder under visible and UV light. The determination of these characters will aid future investigators in their Pharmacological analysis of this species. The phytochemical analysis of the plants is very important commercially and has great interest in pharmaceutical companies for the production of the new drugs for curing of various diseases.

Keywords: Annatto, Sinduri, Bixin, Fluorescence, Physicochemical analysis.


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